1 Corinthians 15:1-20 and Luke 24:1-12
What a story Easter tells! The Son of God in the form of Christ came as a man, truly human, and experienced all that we experience, except that he never sinned, and on top of this he rose from the dead. His disciples had not expected Jesus to do this.
But if there was no resurrection, then Christ was not raised and so there would be no Easter to celebrate and no message of Christ to proclaim.
In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul is telling the church at Corinth that if Christ has not been raised then his preaching is in vain which means that their faith is also in vain. So Paul reminds them of the facts about the resurrection. He quotes the tradition that he received from those who were in Christ before him.
• Christ had died and was buried according to scripture.
• Christ had been raised on the third day, according to scripture.
• Christ had appeared to Peter, then to the twelve; then to about 500 Christians, to James the half-brother of Jesus, to the Apostles, and last of all to Paul himself.
These are the facts of Christ. Without them the Christian faith has no substance, no meaning and no purpose.
Paul did not begin this chapter by quoting his own experience. Yes, Christ, in his risen form had appeared to him, but he does not start from there. Instead he quotes tradition that can be checked and confirmed by others. I believe that the implication here is that Paul’s experience of the risen Christ was not a private mystical vision, because it was like the experiences of the others who all believed that Christ had risen because they had seen him.
The appearances of Christ were for the benefit of all his disciples and followers. The same applies today. When Christ works in and through our lives, he does so for the benefit of others, not for the benefit of self; like when we pray for others, or help others in a practical way.
And I think that the story of the raising of Lazarus from the dead helps us to understand this principle. Yes, there was a direct benefit for Lazarus, he was brought back to life. But the implication of this miracle goes beyond that because many came in search of Jesus and Lazarus ‘for on account of him many Jews were going over to Jesus and putting their faith in him’ (John 12:11). It became a selfless act of witness.
Paul is saying that it was on the basis of these appearances that Jesus’ disciples preached his resurrection from the dead. So the words “Christ died, he was buried, he rose again, and was seen” are the basic historical facts that Christ died for our sins. And there has only ever been one person who has died for the sins of the world – Jesus Christ.
Paul himself was one of the greatest witnesses of the resurrection. When he was an unbeliever he was utterly convinced that Jesus was dead. He was so convinced that he went to extraordinary lengths to stamp out those who believed otherwise.
But as we know his life was turned upside down: a change occurred that brought him persecution and suffering. Paul makes it clear that his salvation was purely an act of God’s grace. But he allowed that grace to work through him as he served the Lord. And it is only by the grace of God that we also serve the Lord.
Things happen to us in our lives, some good, some bad, and some, we’d rather not have happen, so to some extent we all face persecution. And I’m sure that when life for Paul was difficult he must have drawn strength from his conversion, and thanked God for his grace toward him.
But whatever our experiences of the risen Christ, we must not cling on to them. Mary tried to do that when she saw Jesus in the garden on that first Easter morn. Instead we must take them out with us, building on them, as we serve those who we share are daily lives with. Life goes on and just as it was for Paul, so it is for us that by God’s grace we are what we are.
But how do we understand God’s grace?
Well for me God’s grace is based upon at least 4 things:
• His love for his entire creation
• His love for his Son
• The death of his Son
• The resurrection of his Son
All of this resulted in the forgiveness of our sins and the opportunity for us to receive eternal life, and so one day live with Christ in resurrection glory. And as Paul found out, God’s grace has tremendous power, because if we accept the above we cannot help but let it change our lives. We become a new creation renewed in body, mind and spirit, making us more like Christ and so drawing us closer to our heavenly Father.
In my experience God’s grace is ALL powerful, where ALL is spelt in capitals, yet it works so gently as it reveals to us his care, compassion, understanding and above all his love for us. God’s grace brings us home, into the arms of his love.
• if there is no resurrection, then Christ has not been raised
• If he was not raised, there is no gospel to preach
• If there is no gospel, then we believe in vain and we are still in our sins
The resurrection therefore is not just important; it is “of first importance,” because all that we believe hinges on it. Without it we can never get home and my knowledge and experiences are worthless.
Christ is risen…
He is risen indeed!
Digging into God’s Word
1. What is the central point of the Gospel?
2. What is left of the gospel without Christ’s resurrection?
3. What are the implications for us of Jesus’ resurrection?
4. Why did Paul call himself the least of the apostles?
5. Because he was least, did he just give up trying to accomplish as much as the others?
6. List all of the implications for us, if Christ did not raise from the dead?